Tag Archives: TITAN

Adriatic Metals builds underground mining fleet at Vares silver project ahead of first production

As Adriatic Metals gears up for first concentrate production at its Vares silver project in Bosnia & Herzegovina, it has revealed details of the mining fleet set to carry out work at the underground Rupice mine.

In its latest update, the company said project construction was 45% complete, with decline development progressing well – the lower decline currently being at at 210 m and upper decline at 100 m.

The majority of long-lead items and equipment orders were expected to come in on schedule, however global supply chain disruption has pushed first concentrate production from the end of the June quarter of 2023 into the September quarter, it said.

In the company’s 2021 definitive feasibility study, it shifted focus from a combined open pit and underground operation to an underground-only operation focused on Rupice, highlighting plans to mine 730,000 t/y of ore over a 10-year mine life.

In Adriatic’s most recent update, it highlighted that the fleet of vehicles required for Phase One (decline development) was on site, with delivery of Phase Two and Three vehicles commencing.

Among the fleet on site at Rupice is a Sandvik LH514i LHD, two Sandvik LH517i LHDs, a Cat 950L wheel loader, a Sandvik TH545i truck (second unit arriving in December), an Epiroc Boomer 282 jumbo drill, two Sandvik DD320 jumbos, two Sandvik DS311 rock bolters, two Titan IS26 shotcrete sprayers, three Titan BYM 6.0 underground mixer trucks and a Titan EC2 explosive charger.

Adriatic said the final project cost estimate had increased marginally from $170 million to $173 million, due to increases in engineering costs, plant and electrical equipment, including adjustments based on recent contract awards.

Comet on the search for new processing route for Titan nickel ‘balls’

Comet Resources has launched a scoping study into building a pilot plant to test a potential new nickel processing breakthrough, Director Hugh Morgan said on the final day of the Paydirt 2019 Africa Downunder mining conference in Perth, Australia.

The company’s Titan nickel project, in Nigeria, is one of those rare discoveries where the metal is contained within super small clusters of “balls” that cannot be conventionally processed. This is the reason the company is launching the new study.

If successful, the new processing route could unlock the mining future for the project, which has reportedly seen nickel balls visible at surface that contain 95% Ni metal.

Speaking on the third and final day of the conference, Morgan said a company called WildIP had patented a new metal extraction process thought applicable to the Titan metallurgy. A royalty-free licence to use the process has been granted to Comet specifically for the Titan project and a pilot plant scoping study using the technology is now underway, according to Morgan.

“WildIP’s Ni metal digestion process uses low temperature and low cost reagents,” Morgan said. “It’s environmentally benign digest liquor has proved to be 100% effective and efficient and can be recycled, meaning cheaper processing costs and less water requirements.

“This potentially points to the opportunity not to have a tailings dam on a mine site and for any dried residue to be used for backfill,” Morgan said.

The new approach also allows the pregnant liquid to be precipitated to produce whatever nickel product is required such as nickel sulphate hydroxide, according to Morgan.

He said the breakthrough had broad application to metals and was particularly effective for nickel metal and other nickel ore types including laterites. But it could also extract other metals including gold, platinum, palladium, copper and silver, with initial testing of some gold ore types returning 100% gold extractions.

Comet discovered the deposition at Titan about four years ago as a new “ball-style” of native nickel metal. The balls comprise 95% nickel and are disseminated in the host rock at a grade estimated at between 1.5-3% Ni, the company says.

Morgan acknowledged the normal process would have been to start a drill out to define the mineralised body at Titan and to assess its grade and depth extent and then move to mining – but it was found the nickel balls were insoluble by conventional digestion methods, forcing a hunt for a new processing solution.

“Physical extraction was one possible method but would have resulted in only 25% recovery of the Ni metal as 70% of the balls are too fine to physically extract and many balls are buoyant and floated off in conventional processing tests.

“It was clear to us that without a wet chemistry process, we could only extract 25% of the metal.

“The new breakthrough maintains our conviction that there continues to be a reasonable expectation of developing Titan into a world-class Ni deposit able to rival the world’s largest and important Ni mines.”

Geobrugg slope stability system ups protection ante at Alrosa’s Aykhal diamond mine

Geobrugg has recently installed nails, mesh and spike plates as part of a slope stabilisation system at Alrosa’s Aykhal diamond operation in Mirninskiy Ulus, Russia.

Aykhal is in the permafrost region of Russia, a fact that comes with hazards – for two to three months of the year, rockfalls can occur as a result of melting permafrost. This makes it difficult and, potentially, dangerous for the trucks and operators that come in and out of the underground mine portal and navigate around the former open-pit mine site.

Some conventional wire mesh was widely used at the operation, until now, to safeguard the portal, according to Geobrugg. “As this mesh did not provide enough safety and has to be changed every two-to-three years, Alrosa decided to test Geobrugg state-of-the-art technology,” the company said.

For the protection solution, Geobrugg’s TITAN 40/16 nails with TECCO® G65/3 mesh and P33/50 spike plates were employed. In total, an area of 1,400 m² of mainly fractured dolomite with an unstable layer from 1.1-1.5 m was stabilised, according to Geobrugg. The installation on a 70-85º slope took one month and a Geobrugg Supercoating® was employed for corrosion protection, the company said.

Geobrugg said: “One of the challenges was the delivery of material and drilling machinery to the site: In winter time, you may use the ice road which runs along the river Lena. In the summer, material has to be delivered by ship, which takes one-and-a-half months from the European part of Russia to this site.”

Installation had to be carried out during the short period when temperatures were above freezing – mid-May to mid-September – Geobrugg said.