Tag Archives: IXOS

Sixth Wave and MPS team up to cut cyanide usage, costs in gold processing

Sixth Wave Innovations says it is working with Australia-based Mining and Process Solutions (MPS) on test work initiatives in North America and Australia integrating Sixth Wave’s commercially available IXOS® molecular imprinted polymer for gold extraction with the MPS GlyCat™ process.

The GlyCat process was invented to reduce cyanide consumption while maintaining gold recovery for gold ores from deposits containing nuisance copper. For gold applications, the IXOS platform, meanwhile, is capable of selectively targeting gold while rejecting contaminants such as copper, mercury, and other non-target elements potentially contained in a gold-bearing cyanide leach solution.

The two companies are also working in collaboration with the Centre Technologique des Résidus Industriels (CTRI) and a top 10 gold producer in Canada. This project aims to develop an environmentally-friendly flowsheet for the gold mining industry, examining MPS’ acidic and alkaline leaching technologies, together with Sixth Wave’s molecular imprinted IXOS resin technology for the extraction of gold from alternative lixiviants. Testing is to be undertaken on ores provided by the Canadian mining partner, Sixth Wave said.

A recent study published in the Hydrometallurgy Journal titled ‘Gold recovery from cyanide-starved glycine solutions (Glycat) in the presence of Cu using molecularly imprinted polymer IXOS-AuC’ found that “gold recovery increased, while copper recovery decreased with the increasing gold concentration”, Sixth Wave said. The adsorption behaviour of IXOS-AuC had “the best selectivity compared to three other gold selective resins”, the study added. Other outcomes from the study showed the IXOS-AuC polymer was very robust, allowing reuse without deterioration of the polymer physically (assessed by scanning electron microscopy) or in performance.

“Our collaboration with MPS is an important initiative for Sixth Wave and our IXOS high performance gold extraction products,” Dr Jon Gluckman, President & CEO of Sixth Wave, said. “The industry is keenly interested in new and innovative approaches to leach and recover gold as a replacement, in whole or in part, for conventional processes. In order to focus on lowering capital expenditure and operating expenditure, and to comply with environmental and regulatory constraints, Sixth Wave is extremely interested in leveraging our technology with the benefits of the MPS glycine leaching and recovery process.”

Ivor Bryan, Managing Director of MPS, said: “Our respective technological approaches can bring tremendous value to prospective customers by significantly cutting cyanide usage along with the associated costs and environmental impact.”

Earlier this week, Sixth Wave Innovations signed a non-binding Letter of Intent to trial its IXOS purification polymer at the Rio2 Ltd-owned Fenix gold project in Chile.

Rio2 to test Sixth Wave’s IXOS polymer tech at Fenix heap leach gold project

Sixth Wave Innovations Inc and Rio2 Ltd have executed a non-binding Letter of Intent for the trialling of Sixth Wave’s patented IXOS® purification polymer at the Fenix gold project in Chile.

Under the terms of the LOI, Rio2 will send representative ore samples from its Fenix project to Sixth Wave for testing and analysis in its Salt Lake City, Utah, facility. Sixth Wave will perform a combination of leaching and recovery tests using its IXOS technology on these samples consistent with protocols for the expected heap leach mining activity planned for Fenix.

Upon completion of the testing, to be performed in October, and pending positive results, the two companies will work to negotiate a definitive agreement to proceed to a complete on-site pilot adsorption/desorption/recovery (ADR) plant scaled to operate on a 400 t pilot leach pad.

A prefeasibility study on Fenix outlined a heap leach gold mine producing an average of 93,000 oz/y during the first 13 years and 50,000 oz/y during the final three years of production as stockpiled ore is being crushed and leached.

IXOS, meanwhile, has been demonstrated to capture up to 99% of gold from cyanide leach solutions in laboratory and mine site testing where the data was analysed by the mine operator, representing a material increase relative to activated carbon, which recovers between 85% and 95% of the gold, as reported by potential mining customers of IXOS. Additionally, the increased selectivity of IXOS results in the capture of fewer other competitive base metals, Sixth Wave says.

Testing at multiple mine sites has shown more than 90% gold purity captured on IXOS, as opposed to 40%-70% for those generated by activated carbon, resulting in efficiencies in the refining process used to generate higher purities of gold.

The objective of this work, from Rio2’s perspective, is to determine whether Sixth Wave’s IXOS technology can be successfully applied to enhance the extraction of gold from Fenix gold ore by using molecularly imprinted polymers rather than traditional carbon for the gold adsorption process.

If successful, the application of IXOS is expected to result in a reduction of capital expenditure and operating expenditure related to the gold extraction process.

Upon successful completion and positive results of the pilot program, the companies would then move to an implementation phase incorporating IXOS into the actual processing plant to be constructed at Fenix.

Dr Jon Gluckman, President and CEO of Sixth Wave Innovations Inc, said: “We are very excited about this project and working with Rio2. The IXOS process should excel in comparison to traditional activated carbon because of the high rejection of base metal and scaling and the smaller process plant required for IXOS. Substantially lower power consumption in the desorption and recovery stages, and no need for regeneration, will also play a large role in reduced opex.”

He added: “It is exciting to be involved with Rio2 at this phase of the Fenix gold project as it allows us the ability to optimise the design of the ADR circuit without having to worry about retrofit constraints.”

Alex Black, President and CEO of Rio2, said: “Rio2 is always looking to embrace and trial new technology with the objective of bringing enhanced value to our stakeholders through the reduced capex/opex opportunities that innovative technologies can bring.

“The Fenix gold project is currently the largest undeveloped gold heap leach project in the Americas and we look forward to working alongside Sixth Wave during the development phase of the project.”