Tag Archives: Turkey

Epiroc to supply Turkey’s largest mining company with drills, loaders and trucks

Epiroc says it has won a large order for mining equipment from Eti Bakir in Turkey, which includes a variety of drill rigs, trucks and loaders.

The machines will be used to expand three underground copper mines – Kastamonu Küre, Artvin Murgul and Siirt Madenköywhile – making the operations as productive and safe as possible, the OEM says.

The equipment order is valued at approximately SEK140 million ($16 million) and was booked in the September quarter of 2021. In addition to the equipment, the customer has also ordered service, spare parts and consumables.

Helena Hedblom, Epiroc’s President and CEO, said: “Epiroc has a long-standing, strong partnership with Eti Bakir, and we are happy to play a key role as the company expands its operations while focusing on safety and productivity.”

“We are proud that 42 t underground trucks with ejector box in copper mines will be used for the first time in Turkey,” Gokhan Zengin, Eti Bakır Machine Manager, said. “Our cooperation with Epiroc has a long history; we also have a component agreement since six years and we started using Epiroc MD20 rock drills for underground operation development as of last year.”

The machines ordered include Boomer face drilling rigs, Simba production drilling rigs, Boltec rock reinforcement rigs, Scooptram loaders and Minetruck haul trucks. Most of the units will be equipped with Epiroc’s telematics system Certiq, which allows for intelligent monitoring of machine performance and productivity in real time, and some of the machines will have Epiroc’s Rig Control System, RCS, installed, which makes them ready for automation and remote control.

RPMGlobal helps Gübre Fabrikaları achieve gold reserve first at Gübretaş Söğüt in Turkey

RPMGlobal’s Consulting & Advisory division has expanded its local presence in Turkey in conjunction with the successful completion of a resource and reserve estimate for the local Gübretaş Söğüt gold project.

The company’s local Advisory division has grown its in-country capabilities, having welcomed Egemen Saygın to the role of Senior Mining Engineer and Tunahan Kılıç in the position of Consulting Geologist.

Collectively, the pair bring a high level of industry experience across exploration, operation and consulting to the Advisory team, further positioning RPMGlobal for success in the next phase of its market growth within Turkey, the company said.

RPMGlobal says it recently completed the first resource and reserve public disclosure for the high profile Gübretaş Söğüt gold project on the Borsa Istanbul Stock Exchange (BIST), in line with the recommendations of both the JORC Code and UMREK Code.

This marks the very first time a Turkish-listed company released a statement of mineral reserves on the BIST under UMREK, which was made compulsory in 2019, according to the company.

RPMGlobal was engaged as an independent estimator for Gübre Fabrikaları’s emerging gold project, considered one of the largest high-grade undeveloped gold projects in Turkey with significant upside potential.

Philippe Baudry, RPMGlobal’s Executive General Manager—Advisory Services, said: “The company is continuing to see opportunities supporting Turkish companies in a number of areas as the country’s mining industry undergoes a resurgence.

“Our team of experts on the ground are fielding queries from companies for our knowledge and support in the preparation of mining studies and compliance reports which is a reflection of our solid reputation and quality offerings in these important areas of project development.”

Baudry added: “The recent expansion of our Turkey team reflects a critical part of our strategy to grow our market share across the region through the provision of a strong local presence, and our Turkish office provides the perfect base to serve clients in the region around Turkey while giving them access to RPMGlobal’s global capability.”

RPMGlobal remains committed to providing expert advice and solutions to Turkey’s mining industry, recently becoming a corporate member of local industry organisation YERMAM (The Earth Sciences, Mining and Metallurgy Professionals Association of Turkey). It is also one of the few consulting firms with its own in-house UMREK Qualified Persons in Turkey, leading to increasing market demand for the company’s expertise in the preparation of JORC and UMREK compliance reports and NI-43-101 for equity market reporting, it said.

Baudry said Turkey’s growing pipeline of projects and strong levels of exploration would lead to continued acceleration of demand for the company’s expertise in independent assessment, governance and financier due diligence services.

Centerra’s Öksüt gold mine makes commercial leap

Centerra Gold has declared that its Öksüt gold mine in Turkey has achieved commercial production.

The achievement, made as of May 31, 2020, comes four months after the first gold pour on January 31.

Since the inaugural pour, the mine has continued to ramp up mining, crushing, stacking, irrigation of the heap leach pad, as well as the operation of the adsorption-desorption recovery plant and gold production, Centerra said.

Scott Perry, President and CEO, said: “Commercial production at Öksüt marks a major milestone for the company. Öksüt was delivered on time and under budget.

“Centerra now has three producing operations which are expected to generate meaningful free cash flow as we continue to deliver growth and value for shareholders.”

Öksüt was planned as a conventional truck and shovel open-pit heap leach mining operation with a stacking rate of 11,000 t/d. The initial eight-year mine life was expected to process around 1.2 million contained ounces of gold from two open pits, the Keltepe pit and the smaller Güneytepe pit.

Centerra Gold’s Öksüt mine comes to life with first pour

Centerra Gold has achieved the first gold pour from its Öksüt mine, in Turkey, on schedule and ahead of budget.

Additionally, the project achieved a significant safety milestone last week, achieving two million work hours lost time injury free.

Scott Perry, President and Chief Executive Officer of Centerra, said: “This is an important milestone for the project and for the growth of the company as Öksüt is now our third operating mine and our third source of gold production going forward. Reaching the first gold pour is a testament to the dedication and hard work that our Öksüt team has put in to reach this goal safely.”

He added: “This milestone would not have been achieved without the initial conviction and perseverance from the Centerra exploration team given that the Öksüt mine, originally started as a greenfield exploration venture in 2009.”

Öksüt was planned as a conventional truck and shovel open-pit heap leach mining operation with a stacking rate of 11,000 t/d. The initial eight-year mine life was expected to process around 1.2 million contained ounces of gold from two open pits, the Keltepe pit and the smaller Güneytepe pit.

Halbach & Braun to help modernise Turkey’s Zonguldak coal mining region

A delegation from Turkey’s Zonguldak mining region has signed a cooperation contract with Halbach & Braun Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co that could see the hard coal operation double output and modernises its plant.

According to Halbach & Braun, Turkey’s current energy development plan, which aims to reduce its dependence on energy imports, involves the intensification of coal mining in the Zonguldak region of Turkey; a plan that requires investment in state-of-the-art mining technology.

Against this backdrop, the visit organised by Zonguldak eV Europa of a high-ranking delegation from the Zonguldak mining region and representatives of state politics – represented by Saadet Oruç, Chief Advisor to the President – to Halbach & Braun took place (pictured).

The mining equipment supplier from Hattingen has a strong market position in Turkey and, since last year, has been able to offer mine operators a considerably expanded range of products, it said.

Dr Dietrich Braun, Managing Partner of Halbach & Braun, said: “Our classic core competencies are crushing and conveying – underground and surface mining. Thanks to the participation of the Chinese Yangquan Coal Group in our company, we can now also offer complete range of longwall equipment including shields and shearer loaders.

“We adapt the basic design of the plants to our high-quality standards and to the individual requirements of our customers.”

Turkey’s state-owned mine operator TTK has enlisted the help of the company and, during the company tour in Hattingen, Muharrem Kiraz, Deputy Md of TTK, said: “Our goal is 100% mechanical extraction with modern and highly productive plants from Halbach & Braun.”

In the coming years Zonguldak is to be developed into an energy centre, according to the Germany-based company.

The Ruhr area of Germany could serve as a model here – with the difference that coal production will be expanded instead of discontinued, the company said.

Metin Demir, Chairman of the Regional Chamber of Industry and Commerce, confirmed this: “We have a 180-year mining tradition, and now we are shaping our future. Together with the players in business, associations and politics and also with the employee representatives, we have founded a development association for the region that expressly provides for cooperation with German companies under our cooperation partner Halbach & Braun. We would like to profit from their competence and also from the experiences of the Ruhr area.”

Multotec to expand Turkey product footprint with Turbo Ltd appointment

Mineral processing specialist Multotec has appointed Istanbul-based Turbo Ltd as its new agent in Turkey, Bart Malan, Multotec’s International Business Development Manager for Eurasia, confirmed.

Turbo Ltd is active in the mining, metallurgy, construction, petroleum and natural gas sectors, according to Multotec, with a strong focus on aftersales service.

While Multotec is not a newcomer to Turkey, having supplied a range of equipment over the past 19 year, Malan says there is a renewed focus on this region with the intention to expand its product footprint significantly.

“Over the years, Multotec equipment has been installed in the chrome, gold and coal sectors, and, through the appointment of Turbo Ltd, we will be able to extend our reach and include a larger range of proven Multotec solutions to the mining and minerals processing industry in Turkey,” Malan said.

He says Turbo Ltd, a company established 30 years ago, has a strong technical foundation underpinned by the requisite facilities to support its wide customer base.

“Having skilled and qualified engineers, as well as a strong support team and well-resourced technical capability, was a critical consideration when appointing an agent in this important region as this, we believe, is what is required to provide the level of support to Multotec customers,” he says.

“We also plan to collaborate with Turbo Ltd in setting up a fully operational laboratory in Turkey,” he continues. “This will give us the advantage of offering mineral test work and sampling for customers.”

This facility will assist Turbo Ltd in its plant flow designs, supporting customers in maximising the efficiency of their mineral processing operations, according to Malan.

Multotec said: “While Multotec has historically marketed mainly cyclones and spiral concentrators in Turkey, the future will see a growing range of equipment include samplers, screening systems, flotation components, pumps and magnetic separators.”

Malan concluded: “We believe the Turkish market holds considerable potential for Multotec and we will work closely with our new agent to grow our market share.”

Turkey’s Mikroman ups product quality, throughput with TOMRA ore sorters

Turkish quartz miner, Mikroman has been able to both improve product quality and increase capacity at its three processing plants in the country thanks to the installation of four TOMRA Sorting Solutions high-capacity sensor-based sorting systems, the technology company said.

Mikroman mines quartz from its open-pit operations in Turkey, with the company running its own mineral processing plants for crushing, washing and sorting the raw materials.

In 2018, the company installed a TOMRA PRO Secondary LASER sorting machine in two of its three plants, in Muğla and Aydin Provinces. The third plant, in Usak Province, invested in a LASER sorter plus a COLOR sorter, according to TOMRA.

TOMRA says: “In addition to being the most efficient way to sort particles, sorting machines deliver a wide range of commercial advantages to industrial mineral sorting businesses. These include a decrease in mining and haulage costs; reductions in energy and water consumption; improvements in quality and productivity; and increases in recovery.”

The company added: “Sensor-based sorters also make it possible to significantly increase the lifetime of a mining operation.”

TOMRA’s Area Sales Manager, Jens-Michael Bergmann, said TOMRA’s COLOR sorting machines employ a high-resolution camera that recognises materials based on their color. “Rocks with surficial and visible contamination are detected and sorted out, resulting in better recovery rates and higher quality than is possible with manual sorting,” he said.

“Our unique multi-channel LASER sorter delivers even greater benefits for Mikroman in achieving the highest purity levels and maximum profits. The scattering effect of multiple laser beams distinguishes a rock containing quartz from its identically coloured neighbor. Under the laser beam, a pure or non-contaminated quartz rock registers as a glow crystal, whereas similar looking rocks with no quartz content remain dark, without any visible scattering.”

Mikroman combined these two technologies for best results and recovery, according to TOMRA.

Of all three Mikroman processing plants, the one in Usak Province demands the most precise mineral sorting. Before sorting, the feed material is screened by size, with the 40-100 mm stones treated with a higher priority and stones measuring 20-40 mm in size sent down the sorting line in a separate batch. Here, the combination of a TOMRA COLOR sorter and TOMRA LASER sorter is used to differentiate products according to four predetermined qualities. These are:

  • White and light grey quartz, with low iron oxide content, for use as artificial stones (A);
  • Grey and yellow quartz, for use by the glass industry (B);
  • Coloured quartz, for ferrosilicon used by the metallurgical sector (C), and;
  • Coloured gravel (D), also for ferrosilicon, currently goes with the waste.

After crushing and washing (through a trommel screen), Mikroman’s sorting process consists of four key steps. In the first step, minerals are screened by size, with only stones measuring 40-100 mm going through to the next stage.

In the second step, the LASER machine sorts out the waste and coloured gravel from the quartz pieces at about 70 t/h capacity. In the third stage, the remaining minerals are sorted into two streams: one for colored quartz; the other for the white and light grey quartz, and the grey and yellow quartz. Finally, these two streams are hand-sorted into product types, with some further removal of remaining gravel and waste.

“These precise distinctions, resulting in higher product quality, were not possible before the acquisition of the TOMRA machines,” TOMRA said, adding that its service team worked on-site with Mikroman, as it does with all customers, to optimise the performance of the machines.

Nazmi Çetin, Mine and plant Manager at Mikroman, said: “Before having TOMRA sorters, we were worried about quality and low capacity, but now we have achieved the desired quality standard and we have seen a decrease in waste, which means productivity has increased. The system design is quite successful and the TOMRA service team are good at their job.”

Chaarat and Turkey mine contractor sign Tulkubash, Kyzyltash JV agreement

Chaarat has signed a binding term sheet to enter into a joint venture with Turkey-based mining and mine construction contractor Çiftay İnsaat Tahhüt ve Ticaret AS, to collaborate on the Tulkubash and Kyzyltash projects in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Çiftay, a partner since 2017, which mobilised equipment to the Tulkubash site in the Chatkal Valley last year, will be appointed as construction and long-term mining contractor for the Tulkubash project, Chaarat said.

The company has extensive experience as a mining and civil engineering contractor at multiple mine sites in Turkey including two major gold mines, according to Chaarat. Definitive agreements for the joint venture are expected to be concluded next quarter.

Under the agreement, based on an agreed valuation of $252 million (post money) for the two assets, Çiftay will progressively invest $31.5 million for a 12.5% equity stake in Chaarat’s Tulkubash and Kyzyltash assets.

Chaarat said: “Çiftay’s investment provides a significant amount of the required equity for the Tulkubash project. Total capital expenditure for the project is between $120-$130 million and, after the Çiftay equity investment, the vast majority of the remaining capital expenditure is expected to be debt funded, thus avoiding substantial dilution to Chaarat’s shareholders.”

Chaarat is in the process of securing the remaining project financing which is targeted to close in the September quarter of 2019. Çiftay will commence earthworks in anticipation of this, negotiated at “arms-length rates”, which represent an improvement to the terms indicated in the 2018 feasibility study, Chaarat said.

Construction is ongoing at Tulkubash and the first gold production remains on schedule for 2021.

The company continues to advance detailed engineering and has finalised several project components for immediate construction readiness, it said. Çiftay has earthworks equipment at the mine site and constructed a temporary construction camp this winter to be ready for an early spring start to major earthworks.

Chaarat said: “The recent resource update continues to suggest the emergence of a significant new gold district.”

An updated feasibility study for Tulkubash will be published in the June quarter, but a previous study from April indicated a 95,200 oz/y mine operating at an all-in sustaining cost of $831/oz could be built for $132 million of upfront capital. This was based on a 500,000 oz reserve comprising 16 Mt at 0.91 g/t Au and 1.13 g/t Ag.

Eldorado Gold to continue heap leaching operations at Kisladag

Eldorado Gold has decided to resume mining, crushing, stacking and heap leaching at its Kisladag gold mine, in Turkey, and suspended plans to build a $500 million processing plant.

The decision comes following the receipt of metallurgical test work on material placed on the heap leach pad last year.

Not only will this move defer a significant amount of capital expenditure for the company, it is also expected to help production rise to 390,000-420,000 oz in 2019, compared with 349,147 oz in 2018, a year when Eldorado suspended mining operations at Kisladag due to lower than expected gold recoveries.

Eldorado’s President and CEO, George Burns, said: “The decision to restart mining and heap leaching at Kisladag is supported by improved heap leach recoveries and confirmed by a revised heap leaching plan developed in early 2019. The revised heap leaching plan results in favourable economics when compared to milling, without the risks associated with the construction and financing of a $500 million project.”

On October 23, 2017, the company provided an update on Kisladag operations based on laboratory testwork undertaken during the September quarter of that year, which indicated that lower recoveries were expected from the zone of mineralisation located around the base of the open pit where mining was underway.

Based on available information, in the March quarter 2018, Eldorado elected to suspend mining in order to evaluate processing options. Following a year of engineering and testwork, in October 2018 the company announced that the Board of Directors had approved the advancement of a mill project. Subsequent to that announcement, gold recovery from the leach pad increasingly exceeded expectations. The company then focused testwork and analysis on the viability of resuming mining and heap leaching at Kisladag.

In parallel to mill engineering and analysis, testwork to extract maximum value from material already placed on the heap leach pad and the remaining reserves was ongoing throughout 2018.

Approximately 900,000 t of ore was placed on an inter-lift lined test pad in the March quarter of 2018. Late in the year, results from this pad were showing recoveries of approximately 58% from an extended leach cycle approaching 250 days (compared with around 40% recoveries from the original 90-day column tests).

In early 2019, the company analysed the new data and developed revised heap leaching plans, showing improved economics for the heap leaching scenario, hence the recent decision.

Eldorado said mining was expected to recommence by the end of this quarter, with the three-year guidance of 145,000-165,000 oz (2019), 240,000-260,000 oz (2020) and 75,000-95,000 oz (2021) based on mining and stacking an initial 22 Mt of ore grading over 1.1 g/t over this period, as well as continuing to leach the material currently on the pad.

This would help overall group production go to 390,000-420,000 oz in 2019, 520,000-550,000 oz in 2020 and 350,000-380,000 oz in 2021.

Eldorado said on Kisladag: “While the mill project has been suspended, the project remains viable in the short-term. The viability of the mill project will continue to be assessed in light of the results from ongoing heap leach metallurgical testwork on deeper material and in view of other investment opportunities within the portfolio,” the company said.

The other piece of exciting news within the company’s results was developments at its Lamaque mine in Quebec, Canada.

The company poured first gold from the Sigma mill at Lamaque in December and, in the March quarter, the mine is expected to declare commercial production. This should set the operation up to produce 100,000-110,000 oz of gold in 2019 from the mining and processing of over 500,000 t of ore at an average grade of 7 g/t Au.

Burns said: “At Lamaque, we are very pleased with the performance of our project team who delivered the first gold pour from the Sigma mill in less than 18 months since acquisition.”

In addition, exploration success at Lamaque – which includes significant resource conversion in the C5 orebody, in particular – has led the company to review options to increase throughput at the Sigma mill.

Eldorado said: “The mill has a refurbished nameplate capacity of 2,200 t/d and the potential to expand to its former capacity of 5,000 t/d with a purchase and installation of a SAG mill. Based on planned drilling and the potential conversion of inferred resources in C4, C5 and C6, the company expects to explore options to increase mill feed.”

The Lamaque underground mine is currently expected to produce 125,000-135,000 oz of gold in both 2020 and 2021.

Eldorado Gold to spend $520 million on Kisladag mill in Turkey

The board of directors of Eldorado Gold have given the go ahead to build a mill at the Kisladag gold mine in Turkey, as the operation transitions away from its heap leaching roots.

The Mill Project is expected to cost $520 million, including $384 million for the mill, $75 million for pre-stripping, and $61 million in contingency and growth allowance.

Reserves of 3 Moz grading 0.81 g/t Au, accounting for depletion over the first four months of 2018, support a nine-year mine life with average annual production of 270,000 oz of gold at an all in sustaining cost of $793/oz, according to Eldorado.

Production at the Kisladag heap leach operation came in at 34,070 oz in the September quarter, marginally lower year-on-year. No additional ore has been placed on the heap leach pad since April 2018.

The project comes with an estimated after-tax net present value (5% discount rate) of $392 million and a payback period of 3.9 years, all at an assumed gold price of $1,300/oz.

The mill is expected to begin commissioning activities in late 2020, with production expected in the first half of 2021.